Release liners are commonly used in a wide array of products. We are surrounded by consumer goods containing release liners from wound care dressings, electrodes, transdermal patches, baby care products, labels, tapes, stationary, personal hygiene, feminine care, wearable devices, and many more. The most common consumer goods example of a release liner is an adhesive bandage with the release liner being the film removed prior to the application of the bandage to the skin.
The converting manufacturing industry, which uses release liners in most of the converting processes, continues to strive for improvements in not only the finished products, but the raw materials, manufacturing process, and new liner applications. These improvements allow for reduced variability, increased efficiency throughout the manufacturing process, and superior end products for the consumer market.
Release liner, sometimes called a ‘carrier’ or a ‘backing’ paper/film is used to carry a pressure sensitive adhesive (tacky surface) until it is ready for its next manufacturing or application step and to protect the adhesive prior to its intended application.
Normally, the release liner consists of two components. The first component is a face-stock or a substrate. It can be made of paper or plastic-based film. When selecting a release liner, it is important to consider what type of face stock to use for the application. Common plastic face stock materials are: Polyester (PET), Polypropylene (PP), High Density Polyethylene (HDPE), Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE).
The second component of the release liner is a silicone formulation which allows for pressure sensitive adhesive the liner is carrying to release when the time is right. The silicone formulation selection will depend on how long the liner will be used as a carrier or an adhesive protector, and the release level (ease of removal) of the carrier from the adhesive.
There are also release liners that only consist of a low surface energy substrate. Its surface characteristics are customized to carry the adhesive without any silicone coatings. These are specialized liners and are most common in the highly customized medical device manufacturing applications.
Release liner types and applications
Release liner coatings
While there is a variety of different silicone systems available such as solvent based, solvent less, emulsion, and UV cured, they all need to fulfill the one task – being able to release at the right time.
The release properties can be modified by the silicone formulation as well as the coat weight. The liner can be coated on one side (single coated) or both (double coated). Sometimes it is necessary to have a different release property also referred to in the industry as differential release liners on each side of the liner. This is known as differential coating.
Release liners that are used to protect the product are often customized for branding. For example, the liner can be coated/printed with a specific color, logo, or even diecut shape.
Industries commonly utilizing release liners
Items to consider when selecting a release liner
PLITEK® offers a variety of UV Cured release coated liner chemistries on a range of substrates to suit even the most complex applications. We specialize in release liners up to 22” in width and a thickness of 0.5mil – 10mil. The release options range from low, medium, and high release to meet specific application requirements. Our capabilities allow for custom release formulations of silicone and photo-initiator to achieve the targeted release.